Why not build your own Tiny House?
Have you ever heard of the Tiny Houses ? These are simply very small mobile homes that can be towed. More and more French people are opting for this type of housing because of its many economic or ecological advantages.
A real community of handymen exists today to advise new followers during the construction phase of their Tiny House.
You are a good handyman ? And if you too take the plunge by building your own little house ?
To help you better understand this method of construction, we suggest that you discover our file. Through 10 essential questions, you will know everything you need to know about building a Tiny House.
What is a Tiny House ?
In English, “tiny” means tiny and “house” house. So a Tiny House is a very small house. The Tiny Houses movement emerged in the United States in the 2000s and advocates the simplicity of life.
The Tiny House is not just a small house since it is also mobile. The Tiny House is indeed traceable on the road.
Generally designed with wood, the Tiny House is also an ecological home. Its artisanal manufacturing process respects the environment and uses recyclable materials. Sustainable, this small house is built and isolated like a traditional wooden house with the same comfort requirements (electricity, hot water, heating, ventilation, etc.).
The challenge of Tiny House also lies in the optimization of space and ergonomics. Thus, everything is designed to gain space thanks to hatches, sliding cupboards, multifunctional spaces, folding tablets or even modular furniture.
Why build a Tiny House ?
The first advantage of Tiny House is its price. While the construction of a traditional house requires at least a hundred thousand euros, the construction of a Tiny House is very economical. Not only does it cost much less to build, but it does not require land. It is also designed to offer a low operating cost allowing considerable reduction in the housing budget (taxes, charges, etc.).
But the financial aspect is not the only reason to opt for the Tiny House.
Living in such a house is a real way of life. Environmental issues and ecological awareness are essential aspects of this way of life. Thus, the Tiny House allows you to live with the essentials. With no grip on the ground, Tiny House has a small impact on the environment.
The mobility of this type of home is also a considerable advantage since it is possible to travel freely while maintaining a comfortable life. Thermal and sound insulation makes it possible to enjoy a home with all the comfort it needs to be in summer and winter. It is also ideal for being able to take advantage of life opportunities (personal or professional) while keeping the same dwelling. Of course, it can also be installed in the same place for several years if the owners do not wish to travel.
Is it possible to build your Tiny House yourself ?
This is the whole advantage of Tiny House: the most handymen of you can quite consider self-construction.
It is not always easy to start alone in building a traditional house. It takes a lot of time and investment. The Tiny House is then a very interesting alternative. Plans and tools are offered to the self-manufacturers to help them in their project.
Building your own Tiny House saves money and being able to personalize your little house so that it looks like you.
What wood to choose for his Tiny House ?
While it is possible to find Tiny Houses in steel, wood remains the most widely used material for building a Tiny House. There are many species of wood with different characteristics. Solidity, resistance to humidity or even lightness: it is important to choose the right type of wood to build your Tiny House.
Pine or spruce is ideal for the backbone of the house since these woods combine lightness and resistance. Regarding the cladding, we advise you to opt for light wood capable of withstanding bad weather like red cedar. Finally, it is quite possible to opt for a simple plywood for partitions inside the Tiny House where it will be possible, for example, to place a paneling.
Build your Tiny House: how much it costs ?
It is difficult to answer this question and indicate a fixed price for the cost of building a Tiny House. The price can vary from around 100 euros for people who carry out the entire construction themselves using recovery materials to tens of thousands of euros for the largest and most designed Tiny Houses.
The price is also variable depending on the plumbing, electricity, the choice of wood species or the quality of the finishes. However, it is possible to calculate an average price for a conventional Tiny House with simple interior equipment. The price is then around 25,000 euros for a self-construction. If you choose to have your Tiny House built by a professional, it will take between 45,000 and 85,000 euros.
How long does it take to build a Tiny House ?
Again, the construction time of a Tiny House depends on the model chosen and the complexity of the plans.
On average, it will take 120 hours for a professional to build a Tiny House against 480 hours for an average handyman. 3 months will therefore generally be necessary for handymen if they work on full-time construction. It will take a year of work for people building their Tiny House every weekend.
Do you need to have a building permit to build a Tiny House ?
The Tiny Houses do not fall within the legislative framework of French law. Reference should therefore be made to regulations relating to other types of similar dwellings such as the caravan.
Thus, in the case of a mobile home, it is necessary to make a prior declaration if you wish to park more than 3 months in the same place with a construction of less than 20 m2. If your Tiny House is over 20 m2, a building permit will then be required.
What are the regulatory dimensions and weight for a Tiny House ?
The Tiny House is considered a mobile home. Thus, it must comply with certain regulations in order to be able to be towed on a trailer:
- height: 4m20 maximum;
- width: 2m55 overall (between 2m55 and 3 m, permanent authorization must be requested as an exceptional convoy) ;
- length: not more than 12 m, but most Tiny Houses do not exceed 5m50 to comply with weight-related regulations;
- weight: not more than 3.5 tonnes.
To tow the Tiny House using a trailer, a simple B license is sufficient if the trailer alone weighs less than 750 kg and if the vehicle + the trailer weighs less than 3 tonnes. A BE permit will be required to tow larger loads.
What design to choose for its Tiny House ?
To benefit from a quality Tiny House, you will have to opt for an equally qualitative design. Flat roof or small house roof, interior mezzanine or large height under ceiling, rounded or rectangular model: there are many models of Tiny House.
In the context of a self-construction, it is recommended to favor a simple model of realization especially with regard to the roof so as not to encounter great difficulties. The classic Jay Shafer model is most commonly used. 1-pole roof models also facilitate assembly while providing a good ceiling height and the possibility of building an interior mezzanine.
Different plans are available on the internet to build your own Tiny House. Depending on your budget and your DIY skills, you can buy:
- level 1 plans that allow you to project yourself into space and help you with design and layout;
- level 2 plans that offer 3D views, construction plans and ground plans;
- level 3 plans that provide 3D views, ground plans, roof plans as well as wall plans;
- level 4 plans which include all the necessary (3D view, plans and lists of necessary materials).
It is important to choose your plans according to your DIY capabilities. If you start, it is best to opt for very detailed plans. Some plans also allow customization in order to benefit from a Tiny House in your image.
What tools are needed to build a Tiny House ?
In order to build your Tiny House yourself, you will need some essential tools such as:
- a jigsaw ;
- a diving saw or a circular saw;
- an tab cut saw ;
- a screwdriver ;
- keys and pliers;
- a chisel ;
- a ladder and a stepladder;
- screwdrivers and screwdrivers.
Safety on site should not be forgotten. You will therefore also need a helmet, gloves and protective glasses.
On the design side, you will find your happiness with tools such as Sketch up which is a free 2D and 3D design application or Sweet Home 3D and Floorplanner.
Finally, do not hesitate to search Google for specialized blogs filled with advice or even tutorial videos on YouTube.
Discover the article by Armor panels on the tiny house, by clicking HERE